What is Hepatitis A?
Hepatitis A is an inflammation of the liver caused by infection with the hepatitis A virus. An infection that will interfere with the work of the liver can be transmitted easily through food or drink contaminated with the virus.
This virus can spread easily through the consumption of food or drink contaminated with feces of patients with hepatitis A. This disease is classified as an acute disease, meaning that this disease will generally heal very long or in less than 6 months.
Hepatitis A Risk Factors
A person is more susceptible if they have the following conditions:
- Visiting or living in an area with a high prevalence.
Having s*x with people with hepatitis A.
Live with someone with hepatitis A.
Symptoms of Hepatitis A
Symptoms appear several weeks after the patient is infected with the virus. The most common symptom sufferers is a change in the color of their eyes and skin to yellow. But before the onset of jaundice, sufferers may experience:
Nausea and vomiting
Urine color becomes dark
The color of the stool becomes pale
Will heal by itself because the patient’s immune system can eradicate the virus. The treatment given is only to relieve the symptoms experienced by the patient while waiting for the disease to heal, which means that it cannot be cured immediately when treatment is carried out.
In addition, it is important for sufferers to maintain cleanliness to prevent transmission to others. Patients who recover will have immunity against this disease.
Infection does not cause long-term (chronic) liver disease and is rarely fatal. However, this disease has the potential to cause liver failure, especially in the elderly and people who have had the chronic liver disease before.
Prevention can be done in several ways, including:
Keeping yourself and the environment clean
Avoid consuming raw or undercooked food